Saturday, 9 September 2017

Indian History Timeline

Indian History Timeline 

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• 2800 BC          Indus Valley Civilization begins in the northwestern region of India

• 2600 BC          Mohenjo-daro and Harappa phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins, in Punjab and Sindh. Other cities like Lothal, Mehrgarh also emerged during this period.

• 1600 BC           India is invaded by the Aryans from the westGautam Budha
• 1400 BC           The Vedas, the Hindu scripture, was written
• 600 BC             The Upanishads written
• 599 BC             Mahavira, 24th Tirthankar of Jainism is born
• 563 BC             Gautam Buddha, founder of Buddhism is born in Lumbini
• 527 BC             Nirvana of Mahavira
• 492 BC             Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru in Magadha Empire
• 483 BC             Death of Gautama Buddha in Kushinagar
• 326 BC             Alexander the Great moved into India, King Porus who ruled parts of the Punjab, fought Alexander at the Battle of the Hydaspes River.
• 321 BC             Chandragupta Maurya established Mauryan dynasty defeating Dhana Nanda
• 305 BC             Chandragupta Maurya defeats Seleucus Nicator of the Seleucid Empire.

• 300 BC             Chola dynasty establishes his kingdom over southern India with capital in Thanjavur
• 269 BC             Ashoka the Great, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, becomes the emperor of India
• 261 BC             Kalinga War takes place between Magadha Empire and the kingdom of Kalinga.
• 232 BC             Death of King Ashoka

• 185 BC             The Mauryan Empire, collapsed after its emperor Brihadrata was assassinated by his general Pusyamitra Sunga who then established the Sunga dynasty
• 50 AD              Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula Kadphises, first Buddhist stupa is
constructed at Sanchi
• 300                  The Pallava dynasty is established in Kanchi
• 320                  The Gupta dynasty founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, reunited northern India initiating
the "golden Age" of India
• 335                   King Samudragupta ascends the Gupta throne and expands the empire.
• 380                   Chandragupta II, Samudragupta's son becomes the Gupta Emperor.
• 450                   Invasions by the Huna.
• 606                   Harshavardhana crowned Monarch.
• 712                   First Muslim, Md. Bin Qasim defeats Raja Dahir
• 1021                 Mahmud Ghazni defeats Tarnochalpal and annexes PunjabGuru Nanak
• 1206                 Qutb ub-din Aybak establishes the Delhi Sultanate
1221                 Genghis Khan invades Punjab
• 1236                 Razia Sultana, only lady ruler of Delhi
• 1290                   Jalal ud-Din Firuz establishes the Khilji sultanate at Delhi
• 1298                 Marco Polo visits India
• 1336                 Vijayanagara Empire established by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I
• 1398                 Timur conquered India resulting in the decline of the Delhi Sultanate
• 1469                 Birth of Guru Nanak Dev
• 1497                 Vasco de Gama's first voyage from Europe to India and back (to 1499)
• 1526                 Babur established the Mughal Empire
• 1555                 Mughal king Humayun comes to fight Sher Shah and regains India
• 1556                 Humayun dies, and is succeeded by Akbar
• 1600                 Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the East India Company established trading posts in Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras
• 1605                 Akbar dies, and is succeeded by his son Jehangir.
• 1612                 British arrives India
• 1632                 Taj Mahal construction initiated by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan
• 1653                 Shah Jahan completes Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan dies, and is succeeded by his son Aurangzeb.
• 1675                 Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs is executed in Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh becomes tenth Guru of Sikhs.
• 1680                 Shivaji dies at Raigad, Sambhaji became 2nd Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire
• 1707                 Death of Aurangzeb the Mughal emperor.
• 1757                 In Battle of Plassey, Robert Clive, leads British forces which defeated the Mughal governor of Bengal Mir Jafar
• 1774                 Warren Hastings appointed the first governor general of India by the East India Company
• 1775                 First Anglo-Maratha War

• 1799                 Death of Tipu Sultan
• 1853                 Started Post Service
• 1853             First Railway established between Bombay and Thane
• 1857                 Indian Mutiny Rebellion of 1857(10th May)
• 1857                 Establishment of University of Mumbai, University of Madras and University of Calcutta in India
• 1858                 The British government ruled India, Lord Dalhousie becomes the Governor-General of  India
• 1862                 Death of Bahadur Shah Zafar
• 1869                 "Arya Samaj" Established
• 1876                 Queen Victoria was given the title Empress of India by the British Parliament
• 1885                 Burma became an Indian province
• 1885                 The Indian National Congress was formed (28th December)

• 1905                 The British government divided Bengal into separate Hindu and Muslim sections
• 1909                 Morley-Minto Reforms
• 1914                 World War 1
• 1915                 Mahatma Gandhi returns back to India
• 1919                 Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (13th April)
• 1920                 Mahatma Gandhi became president of Indian National Congress, Non-cooperation movement Khilafat Movement
• 1927                 Simon Commission
• 1929                 Central Assembly Bombed by Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt.
• 1930                 Purna Swaraj resolution in Lahore, Salt Satyagraha startedMahatma Gandhi
• 1931                 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev Martyred (23rd March)
• 1935                 Government of India Act
• 1939                 World War 2 began
• 1940                 Muhammad Ali Jinnah demanded that a new country be formed from India for the Muslims, which would be called Pakistan
1942                 Quit India Movement
• 1942                 Indian National Army Established by Subhas Chandra Bose
• 1945                 World War II ended when United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (August)
• 1946                 Royal Indian Navy Mutiny
• 1946                 The British government agreed to grant India independence
• 1947                 British and Indian leaders agreed to divide the country into India and Pakistan
• 1947                 India became independent (15th August)
• 1948                 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse (30th January)
1950                 Constitution of India came into effect and Jawaharlal Nehru became the Indian first prime minister (26th January)

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